Fertility - Your rights and entitlements - Summary | NSEAD (2023)

What are my rights?

It depends on the following factors:

* If the Burgundy Book program is part of your employment contract.

*There are local agreements that are negotiated and enforceable - these generally improve the content provided to teachers under the Burgundy Books Scheme.

* You are eligible for a period of "continuous service", meaning that you have worked long enough for your employer to qualify for these benefits.

My employer is important...

There are many different types of employers, so if in doubt, clearly state which type of employer you work for.

local governmentemployer not municipality

community school

voluntary controlled school

primary school

Schools supported by volunteers

Centrally organized support services

sixth grade high school


anti-terrorism commission

independent school

Faculty Organizations

Professional maternity salary/statutory maternity salary

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Occupation (OMP)Statutory (SMP)

To qualify, you must be covered by the Burgundian Book and have worked with one or more local authorities for at least one year and 11 weeks before the due date.

OMP is paid for up to 39 weeks.

Week 1-4 = 100% of salary

Week 5-6 = 90% of salary

Weeks 7-18 = 50% of wages plus standard Statutory Maternity Allowance of £139.58 per week.

The remaining 21 weeks are paid at standard SMP rates.

To qualify, you must have worked for the same employer for at least 26 consecutive weeks before the end of the 15th week before the baby's due date and must continue working at that job until the 15th week before the baby's due date. baby.

Week 1-6 = 90% of the average wage. Week 7 to 39 inclusive = You will receive the statutory basic maternity benefit.

PLEASE NOTE - If you work hours during maternity leave, you will not receive SMP for that week, with the exception of Keep in Touch (KIT) days, which allow a woman to work up to 10 days without losing SMP.

Receive maternity benefits

SMP pays up to 39 weeks and you decide how many weeks you want to declare.

You can apply for SMP from the 11th week before delivery. However, if you develop a pregnancy-related illness within 4 weeks of your due date and your maternity leave starts as a result, you will not be entitled to statutory sick pay. If your illness is not related to pregnancy, you can claim the statutory Sickness Benefit before your pregnancy and maternity leave.

You must inform your employer of your pregnancy and your intention to take maternity leave. This must be done at the latest at the end of the 15th week before the due date.

You must also send your employer a copy of your maternity leave statement, form MAT B1, which you receive from your general practitioner or obstetrician.

For those working on the Burgundy Book Program, the first 18 weeks of salary includes SMP and OMP, which are collected by your employer on your behalf. If you qualify, you don't need to file any claims, other than tell your employer you want SMP when you report your absence.

Ideally, to apply for SMP, do so when you tell your employer that you are pregnant and plan to take maternity leave. At least 28 days before you stop working, you must notify your employer in order to obtain ABR benefits for you.

When does my maternity leave start?

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Notice periods differ per employer, so check your own employer agreements. It's safe to say that informing your employer of your deadline meets this requirement, but as always, good communication is essential.

You must inform your employer (at the latest at the end of the 15th week before the date of delivery) that you are pregnant, the date of delivery and a midwife or doctor's statement (if necessary); and the date on which you would like to start normal maternity leave.

From a health and safety point of view, it is advisable to inform your employer that you are pregnant as soon as you feel comfortable. This is because once you notify your employer, you have a number of protections and rights related to motherhood.

Your midwife or GP will give you a MAT B1 form when you are about 6 months pregnant. This is the form your employer will ask you to confirm that you are pregnant.

You can go on maternity leave up to 11 weeks before your due date. When you start is up to you and you can work until the week of delivery. If you change your mind about going on maternity leave, you can give your employer 28 days' notice to change the date.

SMP starts on the same day as your maternity leave, which is the date your employer is notified, or if you suffer from a pregnancy-related illness during the last four weeks of pregnancy, your maternity leave is automatically activated.

If the baby is born prematurely and thus before the start date of maternity leave, the day following the date of birth is considered the first day of maternity leave and SMP.

The law requires you to be inside

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Your employer must notify you in writing of the agreed end date of maternity leave within 28 days of receiving your intention to take maternity leave.

During normal maternity leave, all your contractual entitlements (except regular pay) continue as if you had not missed work.

Legal protections/rules to be aware of

After notifying your employer of your pregnancy, your employer must assess any specific risks associated with your condition and take appropriate action to eliminate them.

Once your employer discovers you are pregnant, it will automatically be considered unfair if you are fired for reasons related to your pregnancy.

You are entitled to paid leave for antenatal appointments. This includes parent-child relaxation and craft sessions. It is reasonable to provide a letter of appointment.

At the end of your 25th week of pregnancy, you must report your pregnancy, inform your employer of your expected date of delivery, and specify in writing the date you wish to go on maternity leave.

For those who work under the Burgundy Book program and receive maternity benefits as a result, you must indicate your intention to return to work when maternity leave ends.

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At the end of week 29 you can officially go on maternity leave

If you take maternity leave from the end of week 36 during the last four weeks of pregnancy, your employer will ask you to take maternity leave

after the baby is born

Don't forget to apply for Child Benefit. You must file a claim within three months of birth to get paid from the date of birth.

If you want to return to work earlier, you must give your employer 21 days' notice in writing (if you are entitled to the terms of the Burgundian Book) or 8 weeks in advance if you are only entitled to statutory time limits.

In the 53rd week after giving birth, you must return to work at the beginning of the week. Your employer must inform you of the exact date within 28 days of receiving the notification of pregnancy and the start date of the leave.

To retain payments made to you as part of the Occupational Parenting Program (Burgundy Handbook), you must have been employed full-time for at least 13 weeks, or the equivalent part-time, after returning to work. This period includes the school period and school holidays. If you have only applied for the SMP, you do not have to go back to work; if you do not return within 13 weeks, you do not have to pay back the SMP.


What is fertility and infertility summary? ›

What is infertility? In general, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant (conceive) after one year (or longer) of unprotected sex. Because fertility in women is known to decline steadily with age, some providers evaluate and treat women aged 35 years or older after 6 months of unprotected sex.

Why does the church not allow test tube babies? ›

The Catholic Church believes that IVF is never acceptable because it removes conception from the marital act and because it treats a baby as a product to be manipulated, violating the child's integrity as a human being with an immortal soul from the moment of conception (Donum Vitae 1987).

What is female infertility summary? ›

Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or 6 months if the woman is over age 35). If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female infertility can result from age, physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors.

What are the 3 main types of fertility treatments? ›

Other women may need several different types of treatment to achieve pregnancy.
  • Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs. Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders. ...
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI). ...
  • Surgery to restore fertility.
Sep 1, 2021

What is fertility rate summary? ›

The General Fertility Rate (GFR) is a ratio that measures the number of births per 1,000 women of childbearing age.

Can infertile woman get pregnant? ›

Female infertility causes can be difficult to diagnose. There are many treatments, depending on the infertility cause. Many infertile couples will go on to conceive a child without treatment.

Is IVF against the Bible? ›

While assisted reproduction is not accepted by the Vatican , it may be practiced by Protestant, Anglican and other denominations. According to traditional Christian views, beginning at conception, the embryo has moral status as a human being, and thus most assisted reproductive technologies are forbidden.

Is IVF a sin in the Catholic Church? ›

Unfortunately, most Catholics are not aware of the Church's teaching, do not know that IVF is immoral, and some have used it in attempting to have children. If a couple is unaware that the procedure is immoral, they are not subjectively guilty of sin.

Is it against the Catholic Church to get your tubes tied? ›

Sterilization is forbidden in Catholic doctrine—but many doctors in systems affiliated with the Church believe the restriction runs counter to their patients' best interests.

What are 4 causes for female infertility? ›

What Causes Infertility? Problems with ovulation are the most common reasons for infertility in women. A woman's age, hormonal imbalances, weight, exposure to chemicals or radiation and cigarette smoking all have an impact on fertility.

What are 5 causes of infertility? ›

They include:
  • Age. Women's fertility gradually declines with age, especially in the mid-30s, and it drops rapidly after age 37. ...
  • Tobacco use. Smoking tobacco or marijuana by either partner may reduce the likelihood of pregnancy. ...
  • Alcohol use. ...
  • Being overweight. ...
  • Being underweight. ...
  • Exercise issues.
Sep 1, 2021

What can I drink to unblock my fallopian tubes? ›

Increase your vitamin C intake: Vitamin C is essential for our body to absorb iron from food. Fruits like oranges and lemons are a rich source of Vitamin C, which naturally help unblock the fallopian tubes.

How long can sperm live inside you to get pregnant? ›

Ejaculated sperm remain viable for several days within the female reproductive tract. Fertilization is possible as long as the sperm remain alive — up to five days. Sperm can also be preserved for decades when semen is frozen.

What happens to your eggs if you don't ovulate? ›

Many of our patients wonder what happens when a woman doesn't ovulate. The answer is simple: the absence of ovulation or anovulation causes infertility, because without ovulation there can be no pregnancy.

What is a good fertility rate? ›

Replacement-level fertility: Total fertility levels of about 2.1 children per woman. This value represents the average number of children a woman would need to have to reproduce herself by bearing a daughter who survives to childbearing age.

What is the fertility rate of a woman? ›

A woman in her early to mid-20s has a 25–30% chance of getting pregnant every month. Fertility generally starts to reduce when a woman is in her early 30s, and more so after the age of 35. By age 40, the chance of getting pregnant in any monthly cycle is around 5%.

Why is fertility rate so high? ›

Factors generally associated with increased fertility include the intention to have children, in advanced societies very high gender equality, religiosity, inter-generational transmission of values, marriage and cohabitation, maternal and social support, rural residence, pro family government programs, low IQ and ...

What makes a woman more fertile? ›

Eating more protein from vegetable sources, instead of animal sources, may improve fertility levels in women. Replacing low fat dairy products with high fat versions may help improve fertility and increase your chances of getting pregnant.

How many drops of sperm is needed to get pregnant? ›

How many sperm do you need to get pregnant? It takes just one sperm to fertilize a woman's egg. Keep in mind, though, for each sperm that reaches the egg, there are millions that don't. On average, each time men ejaculate they release nearly 100 million sperm.

Why am I ovulating but not getting pregnant? ›

In other words, it means an egg is being released from your ovaries on a regular basis. But, ovulation alone does not guarantee that you can get pregnant. Sometimes there can be an issue with egg quality, how the egg is fertilized, its ability to be transported to the uterus, or how it becomes implanted in the uterus.

Is infertility a punishment in the Bible? ›

Thus, except the story of Abraham and Sarah in Abimelech's court, it can be concluded that infertility is not synonymous with God's punishment. The stories of infertile women in the Bible are lifted to emphasise that God alone is in charge of who can conceive, when and how they can conceive.

Who in the Bible struggled with infertility? ›

Isaac and Rebekah were the first generations of Abraham's decedents to experience infertility. Rebekah's son Jacob and his two wives, Leah and Rachel, would be the second generation of Abraham's decedents to experienced infertility.

What religion does not allow IVF? ›

According to traditional Christian views, beginning at conception, the embryo has moral status as a human being, and thus most assisted reproductive technologies are forbidden.

What does the Catholic Church say about freezing eggs? ›

The Vatican also denounced most forms of fertility treatment (egg and embryo freezing, the injection of sperm into eggs), since “they substitute for the conjugal act…which alone is truly worthy of responsible procreation.” The Church singled out in-vitro fertilization, saying the procedure reduces the human embryo to “ ...

Do IVF babies have issues? ›

IVF is associated with an increased health risk for the offspring in the form of malformations, functional disorders, and a poorer peripartum outcome. This is possibly caused by parental factors, but also by factors related to the IVF technology used.

What are the arguments against IVF? ›

There is evidence that high oestrogen levels associated with high stimulation IVF can increase the risk of prematurity and low birth weight in babies. There is growing evidence that giving high stimulation during IVF increases the chance that a baby is born prematurely and with lower birth weight.

Does a wife need permission to get her tubes tied? ›

Every individual does have the right to consent to any lawful Medical treatment or procedure. However, an individual also has an interest in the procreative ability of his or her spouse.

Will Catholic hospitals treat ectopic pregnancies? ›

We do treat miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies according to the standard of care; Catholic-affiliated hospitals performed 21% of all ectopic pregnancy procedures in 2019, per data from California's Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. Residents in Catholic hospitals are trained in placing IUDs.

Can a Catholic refuse a feeding tube? ›

The Church teaches that tube feeding is, in principle, ordinary care and hence morally obligatory.

What age does a woman stop being fertile? ›

A woman's peak reproductive years are between the late teens and late 20s. By age 30, fertility (the ability to get pregnant) starts to decline. This decline happens faster once you reach your mid-30s. By 45, fertility has declined so much that getting pregnant naturally is unlikely.

What do you call a woman who can't give birth? ›

A woman who's infertile may instead be unable to carry a baby to term. Infertile is a French word, from the Latin infertilis, "unfruitful," from the roots in-, "not," and fertilis, "bearing in abundance." Definitions of infertile.

Can stress cause infertility? ›

Does stress cause infertility? While it's unlikely that stress alone can cause infertility, stress interferes with a woman's ability to get pregnant. Research has shown that women with a history of depression are twice as likely to experience infertility. Anxiety also can prolong the time needed to achieve pregnancy.

What is the #1 cause of infertility? ›

The most common overall cause of female infertility is the failure to ovulate, which occurs in 40% of women with infertility issues. Not ovulating can result from several causes, such as: Ovarian or gynecological conditions, such as primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

What are 3 conditions that can lead to infertility? ›

  • Scarring from surgery. Pelvic surgery can damage and scar the fallopian tubes, which link the ovaries to the womb. ...
  • Cervical mucus problems. ...
  • Fibroids. ...
  • Endometriosis. ...
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease. ...
  • Sterilisation. ...
  • Medicines and drugs.

How can you tell if a man is fertile? ›

A trained expert checks your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics. In general, if you have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means you have higher fertility. But there are plenty of exceptions to this. A lot of guys with low sperm counts or abnormal semen are still fertile.

Can you tell if you are very fertile? ›

Super fertility has been classified as a monthly fecundity (the ability to get pregnant) rate of 60% or greater. A regular menstrual cycle and high antral follicle count are signs of high fertility. Perimenopause, fibroids, and endometriosis can make conceiving and sustaining pregnancy more difficult.

What are the 7 signs of ovulation? ›

7 Signs of Ovulation
  • Spiking sex drive. Also known as libido, sex drive reflects our desire for sex and can fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle. ...
  • Increasing energy levels. ...
  • Changing cervical mucus. ...
  • Shining complexion. ...
  • Feeling pain. ...
  • Surging hormones. ...
  • Rising body temperature.
Jan 27, 2021

How can I untie my tubes naturally? ›

Natural Treatments for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
  1. Vitamin C.
  2. Turmeric.
  3. Ginger.
  4. Garlic.
  5. Lodhra.
  6. Dong quai.
  7. Ginseng.
  8. Vaginal steaming.
Feb 21, 2019

What is a fertility cleanse? ›

A fertility cleanse is a natural option to increase fertility. It includes using special herbs to gently get rid of toxins and inflammation in your body that could be contributing to infertility. It has been proven that eating a healthy diet is one of the most powerful factors in increasing fertility naturally.

Does it take a full load to get pregnant? ›

How much sperm does it take? In theory, a single sperm is all it takes to get pregnant. But even in a large amount of semen — such as the quantity in one ejaculation — only a fraction of the sperm are healthy, moving, and sufficiently well-formed to cause a pregnancy.

How many times should a man release sperm in a week? ›

Some studies suggest that moderate ejaculation (2–4 times per week) is associated with a lower prostate cancer risk. However, ejaculating more often doesn't mean your cancer risk drops even more.

How does your body feel after sperm enters? ›

Signs Sperm Has Entered the Body

Pregnancy symptoms such as delayed periods, fatigue, morning sickness or even implantation cramps are a few signs that confirm the sperm did go inside.

How many eggs lost per period? ›

You ovulate one egg, and the rest of the growing cohort or group die. This cycle continues until menopause when there are no eggs left. The number of eggs that die each month decreases after puberty, though. After starting the menstrual cycle, a person loses about 1,000 immature eggs every month, according to Dr.

How many eggs does a woman lose each month? ›

You ovulate one egg per month, usually. This is the single egg that makes it through the whole ovulatory process: the egg follicle is activated, the egg grows and matures, and then—once it reaches maturation—it breaks free from the ovary and begins on its journey down the Fallopian tubes.

Does having a period mean you ovulated? ›

Can I menstruate without ovulating? In the medical world, menstruation happens when an egg that's released from your ovary isn't fertilized, so the uterus sheds its lining. Because of this, you cannot technically menstruate without ovulating. However, you can still bleed — experience a “period” — without ovulating.

What is fertility vs infertility? ›

Fertility refers to the natural ability of a man or woman to produce an offspring. Infertility occurs when there are biological factors affecting this ability.

What is fertility in simple words? ›

Fertility is the ability to have babies or to reproduce. When fertility rates in a community increase, more babies are born. Fertility is the quality of a human's ability to produce offspring, which is dependent on age, health, and other factors.

What is the definition of fertility? ›

Fertility is the ability to conceive (become pregnant) and give birth to children.

What is the difference between fertility and fertility? ›

Fecundity is the capability of an individual or population to produce offspring whereas fertility is the number of offspring produced by the population or the individual. Fertility is the actual number of offspring produced and not the rate of reproduction. The individual capable of reproducing is known as fertile.

What are 3 causes of infertility? ›

Common causes of infertility include:
  • lack of regular ovulation (the monthly release of an egg)
  • poor quality semen.
  • blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
  • endometriosis – where tissue that behaves like the lining of the womb (the endometrium) is found outside the womb.

How do I know if I am fertile enough to get pregnant? ›

If your menstrual cycle lasts 28 days and your period arrives like clockwork, it's likely that you'll ovulate on day 14. That's halfway through your cycle. Your fertile window begins on day 10. You're more likely to get pregnant if you have sex at least every other day between days 10 and 14 of a 28-day cycle.

Is infertility considered a disability? ›

According to the United States Supreme Court, infertility is a disability under the ADA. The ADA does not require employers to provide insurance coverage for infertility care, as long as the insurance coverage distinctions apply to all employees equally.

What does the Bible say about fertility? ›

In Genesis 1:28, God said: "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it." Similarly, the psalmist says: "Behold, children are an heritage from the Lord. The fruit of the womb is his reward. Like arrows in the hand of the warrior, so are the children of one's youth.

Is fertility the same as pregnancy? ›

Fertility is your ability to produce a child. Infertility is when you have had 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse and you have not become pregnant. Fertility can be affected by many things and there are also ways to increase your chances of becoming pregnant.

What is one sentence for fertility? ›

She studied the effects of pollution on the fertility of the local fish population. The doctor ordered a test of his/her fertility.

What determines fertility? ›

A number of lifestyle factors affect fertility in women, in men, or in both. These include but are not limited to nutrition, weight, and exercise; physical and psychological stress; environmental and occupational exposures; substance and drug use and abuse; and medications.

How does fertility happen? ›

To become pregnant, the following steps must occur: Sperm transport — The sperm must be deposited and transported to the site of fertilization. Egg transport — Ovulation must occur and the egg must be "picked up" by the tube. Fertilization and embryo development — Union between the sperm and egg must result.

What are the types of fertility? ›

There are 3 main types of fertility treatment:
  • medicines.
  • surgical procedures.
  • assisted conception – including intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF)

What happens if you are fertile? ›

Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. If sperm are in the fallopian tube when the egg is released, there is a good chance that the egg will be fertilised, creating an embryo, which can grow into a baby.

Is fertility a right? ›

In the United States, the Supreme Court first established the right to procreate under the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1942, in Skinner v. Oklahoma, in which it overturned a state law requiring the forced sterilization of some habitual criminals.


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