In the UK statutory maternity leave, paternity rights and adoption rights apply before and after the birth or adoption. Mothers, fathers, partners and adoptive parents are entitled to paternity, maternity or adoption leave and paid and shared parental leave.
This factsheet lists the most important rights and provides an overview of shared parental leave.
- Background information on reproductive, paternal and adoption rights
- UK legal status
- reproductive rights
- paternal rights
- shared parental leave
- employer guide
- Useful contacts and further reading
Mothers, fathers and partners, including same-sex couples and adoptive parents, are legally entitled to maternity, paternity, adoption and shared parental leave. Other important "family-friendly" measures include unpaid parental leave, leave for emergencies involving dependents, and the right to request flexible work. See our technical sheetflexible workingeWorking hours and free hours.
The following information mainly concerns legal rights. Many employers provide more than these minimum rights in contractual maternity and paternity leave policies. This policy must be current, inclusive and consistent. In addition to imposing minimum statutory leave and paid entitlements, employers can offer flexible working arrangements and an inclusive, family-friendly work environment. Employers must actively support and retain employees in ongoing distressBalance between work and parenting.
The most relevant UK legislation includes the Employment Rights Act 1996, the Employment Relations Act 1999, the Employment Act 2002, the Work and Family Act 2006 and the Children and Families Act 2014.
Any unfavorable treatment of a woman because of her pregnancy, childbirth or maternity may constitute discrimination with regard to pregnancy and maternity. There may also be constructive claims of wrongful dismissal. CIPD members can view more details about these family rights on our websiteMaternity, paternity, shared parental and adoption leave and payment Q&A,Flexible working Q&AeParental rights and other family-friendly provisions Q&A.
Recent and upcoming changes
Government consultations in 2019 and 2021 considered reforms, including making flexible working standard, unless employers have good reasons not to agree. As part of the consultation response, a new neonatal leave and paid entitlement was announced in March 2020 for working parents whose babies require hospitalization for 7 days or more. That is itNow projected in 2023.
Pregnant employees are entitled to paid leave for antenatal consultations and other consultations as indicated by a doctor, nurse or midwife.
Eligible parents and spouses can take unpaid time off to attend up to two of these appointments. This can be paid for and any additional time can be used or used with the employer's permission.
Statutory Maternity Leave (SML):Women can take 52 weeks of leave. The leave is not limited in duration, but some statutory maternity benefits are limited in duration.
Shared Parental License (SPL): A holiday that can be shared by one or both parents.
The earliest date on which maternity leave can start is the eleventh week before the birth. The woman must inform her employer of her due date and when she decides to start her maternity leave. The employer must respond within 28 days with the expected date of return after maternity leave.
Unless stated otherwise, the employer assumes that all 52 weeks of leave are taken. Mothers can shorten part of their leave to allow their partners to enjoy SPL. If work is resumed earlier than planned, a notice period of at least eight weeks applies, unless a shorter notice period has been agreed.
Mothers are entitled to a maximum of 39 weeksstatutory maternity pay(SMP), must:
- meet certain lower income requirements for national insurance contributions
- 26 consecutive weeks of service (assessed 15 weeks before due date).
Some organizations pay more generous contract terms during the furlough period. Women who are not eligible for SMP may be eligiblematernity benefits(Good).
Other benefits during maternity leave
Other than compensation, all contract terms, such as vacation or benefits, remain in effect during the SML. This means that paid leave is accrued during maternity leave. Pension schemes are more complex. CIPD members can see more on our websiteQuestions and answers about motherhood, fatherhood, shared parental leave and adoption and pay.
Eligible women have other rights, including:
- If the maternity leave is 26 weeks or less, return to the previous job under the same conditions.
- For those who have been on maternity leave for more than 26 weeks, return to the same job or an equivalent job if it is not reasonably possible to return to the original job.
- A risk assessment is required during pregnancy.
- Ask about work alternatives that avoid any risk to the health of the pregnant woman or the baby.
- If health and safety risks cannot be avoided by reasonable changes in working conditions, full wages for the cessation of production.
- Protection against harm, unfair treatment or dismissal due to pregnancy, maternity leave, etc. For example, female employees cannot return to work because they are breastfeeding.
- Up to 10 days of "Keep In Touch" (KIT) during maternity leave without loss of any maternity benefits.
The Equality Act 2010 prohibits discrimination in pregnancy and maternity, including salary changes or other conditions.
The main eligibility criteria for basic paternity leave are:
- 26 consecutive weeks of work, ending in the 15th week before the birth of the baby.
- The employee must be the baby's biological father or the mother's partner who has (or is expected to take) responsibility for the baby's upbringing.
Unless otherwise agreed, statutory basic leave of up to two weeks must be taken in the following periods:
- the baby's date of birth or any day of the week, and
- Up to 56 days after the baby's date of birth.
Employees must notify their employer of their intention to take paternity leave by the end of the fifteenth week before the baby's due date and report:
- The start date of the license.
- The week the baby is due.
- The duration of the license.
look at ourManage extended paternity leaveRapport.
the fee ofPaternity payment(SPP) Same as SMP.
Your rights during and after paternity leave
Employees eligible for paternity leave are entitled to:
- does the same job.
- Returns the same terms of employment.
- You will not be harmed, treated unfairly or fired.
statutory adoption fee(SAP) has a 39-week pay period and the qualifying service requirement is 26 consecutive weeks of work.
Include the reproductive, paternity and adoption rights currently considered in the Equality, Inclusion and Diversity and Reconciliation between Life and Work policies and communicate these policies to employees.
Ensure line managers understand how to implement the organization's maternity, paternity and paternity leave policies and monitor leave to ensure individual and business needs are met.
Books and Reports
CABRITA, J. and WOHLGEMUTH, F. (2015).Making parental and paternity leave easier for EU parentsLuxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. (2015)Shared parental leave: public attitudes.London: Goodbye.
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Skills and Equality and Human Rights Commission. (2016)Discrimination and deprivation in pregnancy and motherhood: final reportLondon: BIS and EHRC.
House of Commons Women and Equality Committee (2018)father and workplaceHC 358, session 2017-19.
Aledina R. (2019) See moreWhy stricter paternity leave policies are key to gender equality.management of people(online). 13 March.
S. Bashford (2020) See moreCan shared parental leave work?？management of people(online). 23 april.
Locke (2019)How to promote paternity leave.management of people(online). July 5.
Thompson (2020)Update on pregnancy and parenting discrimination.management of people(online). 15 april.
CIPD members can use ouronline diaryFind articles from over 300 HR related magazines.
members andmanagement of peopleSubscribers can see approxmanagement of peopleweb site on the internet.
This factsheet was last updated by Rachel Suff: CIPD Senior Employee Relations Advisor
Rachel briefs CIPD on policy thinking on health and well-being and labor relations. She has more than 20 years of experience in the field of employment and human resources.
USAID serves as the focal point within the Government for economic matters affecting U.S. relations with developing countries. USAID administers international economic and humanitarian assistance programs. The Administrator is under the direct authority and foreign policy guidance of the Secretary of State.What is the Agency for International Development do? ›
USAID serves as the focal point within the Government for economic matters affecting U.S. relations with developing countries. USAID administers international economic and humanitarian assistance programs. The Administrator is under the direct authority and foreign policy guidance of the Secretary of State.How do I get money from USAID? ›
Most funding is allocated through Acquisition and Assistance (A&A) mechanisms. To solicit support for its programs, USAID typically uses a Request for Proposals (RFP) for contracts and a Notice of Funding Opportunities (NOFO) for cooperative agreements and grants. Contract opportunities are posted on SAM.gov.Who does USAID fall under? ›
Most U.S. foreign assistance falls under the International Affairs Budget.What is USAID benefits? ›
The OPM benefits covered in this chapter include health insurance, life insurance, unemployment compensation, death gratuity, medical and health program, and Social Security.What is USAID and how does it work? ›
USAID is the world's premier international development agency and a catalytic actor driving development results. USAID's work advances U.S. national security and economic prosperity, demonstrates American generosity, and promotes a path to recipient self-reliance and resilience.What is the main function of development agency? ›
Development agencies are state-level public entities for financing development projects within the respective state. By law, each state and the Federal District may form a single agency, which will be under the control of the federative entity in which it has its headquarters.How much money does USAID give? ›
The President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2024 Budget Request for the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is $63.1 billion for foreign assistance and diplomatic engagement, which includes $32 billion in foreign assistance for USAID fully- and partially-managed accounts, $3 billion ...Who does USAID give money to? ›
USAID partners with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in delivering assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms.Does USAID lend money? ›
USAID can make loans or issue loan guarantees for any development purpose in Part 1 of the Foreign Assistance Act. Credit programs available to USAID are often used to leverage private funds for development purposes.
What is USAID? The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal government agency that receives overall policy guidance from the Secretary of State.Where is USAID located? ›
Organization. USAID is organized around country development programs managed by resident USAID offices in developing countries ("USAID missions"), supported by USAID's global headquarters in Washington, DC.Who is behind USAID? ›
In 1961, President Kennedy signed the Foreign Assistance Act into law and created USAID by executive order.What is the International Development Grant? ›
Established in 1960, IDA aims to reduce poverty by providing zero to low-interest loans (called “credits”) and grants for programs that boost economic growth, reduce inequalities, and improve people's living conditions.What is USAID salary ceiling? ›
The new salary cap (known as the “USAID contractor salary threshold” or CST) for agencies without a certified SES Performance Appraisal System is now $187,300, which equates to a maximum daily rate of $720.38.Do you have to be a US citizen to work for USAID? ›
Foreign Service Nationals (FSNs) provide unique services in support of foreign policy at USAID missions worldwide, performing vital mission program support functions. Individuals interested in working at a specific post who are not host country nationals must be legally eligible to work in the country of hire.Does USAID take donations? ›
As a U.S. government agency, USAID does not accept donations for its crisis response efforts, but non-governmental organizations may issue appeals for donations depending on the crisis.Is USAID a donor? ›
Bilateral and multilateral donors, like USAID and other providers of development assistance, share decades of development knowledge and expertise and provide billions of dollars to foster self-reliance in developing countries. The United States works with other partners to tackle the world's development challenges.What do USAID Foreign Service officers do? ›
USAID FSOs are responsible for developing and managing foreign assistance programs that encompass economic growth and trade, agriculture and the environment, education and training, democracy and governance, stabilization and conflict mitigation, global health, and humanitarian assistance.What are three examples of development agencies? ›
- CARE INTERNATIONAL. ...
- INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES. ...
- INTERNATIONAL SAVE THE CHILDREN ALLIANCE. ...
- TERRE DES HOMMES. ...
- WORLD VISION.
Some development agencies are privately owned and others are run by government. Both kinds of development agencies play an important role in assisting the various development efforts in an area.What are the benefits of development agencies? ›
- A Complete Solution. Working with an established development agency can provide your business with a complete solution customized to your project needs. ...
- Past Experience. ...
- Flexibility. ...
- Development Tools. ...
- Project Management.
The top 10 recipients of USAID- managed funds in FY2022 were, in order of funding, Ukraine, Ethiopia, Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Syria, and Sudan.How many USAID employees are there? ›
A large professional organization with 3,893 employees and an annual revenue of $400.0M, USAID is headquartered in Washington, DC. We partner to end extreme poverty and promote resilient, democratic societies while advancing our security and prosperity. Do you work at USAID?Which country does the US give the most money to? ›
- Afghanistan ($3.97B)
- Israel ($3.31B)
- Jordan ($2.6B)
- Egypt ($1.47B)
- Ethiopia ($1.21B)
- Iraq ($1.18B)
- Nigeria ($1.11B)
- South Africa ($1.11B)
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is the principal U.S. agency to extend assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms.What is USAID scholarship for? ›
The scholarship covers tuition fees, housing or transportation expenses, medical insurance, textbooks, laptop, and a monthly stipend to students.Who are the winners of USAID Div? ›
DIV's other winners include Acceso, Baobab+, Columbia University, Harvard University, ignitia, In2Care BV, Innovations for Poverty Action, the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, Lively Minds, Mediae, Mercy Corps, National Bureau of Economic Research, Pratham USA, Viamo, and Yale University.Which countries are prohibited by USAID? ›
There are currently no prohibited source countries. Other legal restrictions on procurement, e.g., OFAC sanctions, may apply to particular procurements of specific source or nationality. Consult your RLA/GC based on particular circumstances.What is a funding opportunity? ›
What Is a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA)? A Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is the document all federal agencies use to announce the availability of grant funds to the public.
USAID is not a charity, a think tank, or an NGO, Barsa said. USAID is a proud part of the U.S. national security structure, making the world a healthier, more prosperous and freer place.How much money does the US give to other countries? ›
Allocation. In fiscal year 2020 (October 1, 2019 - September 30, 2020), the US government allocated $51.05 billion US dollars in economic and military assistance to foreign countries.What is a USAID officer? ›
USAID Foreign Service Officers are typically accorded diplomatic status when posted overseas. Our work supports long-term economic growth and trade; agriculture and the environment; education and training; democracy and governance; global health; global partnerships and humanitarian assistance.Is USAID a humanitarian organization? ›
USAID's Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance is the U.S. government lead for international disaster assistance, reaching tens of millions of people around the world each year with life-saving aid.Which U.S. department does USAID's budget fall under? ›
The Department of State, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other international programs advance the national security interests of the United States through global engagement, partnership, and the promotion of universal values.Does USAID require security clearance? ›
Individuals seeking employment in USAID must undergo a background investigation and subsequently be determined to meet nationally established standards for federal employment and obtaining a security clearance.Where do USAID Foreign Service officers work? ›
Our Foreign Service Officers address global challenges in our overseas offices and in Washington, D.C.Does USAID fall under the state department? ›
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal agency that receives overall foreign policy guidance from the Secretary of State.Who was USAID Administrator under Obama? ›
"Raj" Shah (born March 9, 1973) is the President of the Rockefeller Foundation. He is a former American government official, physician and health economist who served as the 16th Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from 2010–2015.Who is the budget director of USAID? ›
Roman Napoli is the Director of the Office of Budget and Resource Management.
- Did you apply for a grant? ...
- Is a fee involved? ...
- Is the grant for business or personal use? ...
- What agency does the issuer represent? ...
- Were you asked for either your personal or your company's ID or your bank account information?
Headquarters are in Washington, D.C. Headquarters: Washington, D.C. Most of the IDA's resources have come from the subscriptions and supplementary contributions of member countries, chiefly the 26 wealthiest.What are the types of contracts with USAID? ›
Contract types include cost-reimbursement or fixed-priced contracts. You can find additional policy guidance about contracts in the ADS, Chapter 302. Grants include fixed-amount awards (FAAs), which allow payments after you perform defined milestones.How does USAID get money? ›
As a U.S. Government agency, USAID receives its funding from Congress. We work with both Congress and the Executive Office of the President to determine budget priorities. The majority of our funds are awarded competitively through contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements.How much do USAID specialists make? ›
Average US Agency for International Development Program Specialist yearly pay in the United States is approximately $96,165, which is 89% above the national average.How much does a team lead make in USAID? ›
The estimated base pay is $92,557 per year.How long is the USAID hiring process? ›
2 weeks to 1 month. How long is the application review process?How can I work in the US without sponsorship? ›
If you do not have an employer that will sponsor you for permanent residency, you will need to seek a self-petition. Or, if you are wealthy and meet the required capital investment threshold, you could file an immigrant investor petition for yourself.Is CIDA a government agency? ›
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is Canada's bilateral governmental organization charged with planning, funding, and implementing approximately 80% of the federal aid budget.Who is the head of the US Agency for International Development? ›
Administrator Samantha Power was sworn into office as the 19th Administrator of USAID on May 3, 2021.
The Department for International Development (DFID) is the part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty.What is CIDA called now? ›
In March 2013, the Conservative government announced that CIDA would be folded into the Department of Foreign Affairs, and the organizations renamed as the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development, later renamed as Global Affairs Canada.Is CIDA accreditation important? ›
CIDA's thorough and careful review of interior design programs' compliance with standards ensures that graduates will be prepared for entry-level practice and poised for future professional growth, a significant competitive advantage considered by potential employers.What does CIDA accredited mean? ›
The Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA) is an independent, non-profit accrediting organization for interior design education programs at colleges and universities in the United States and internationally.Is USAID part of the us government? ›
What is USAID? The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent federal government agency that receives overall policy guidance from the Secretary of State.How much money do USAID employees make? ›
USAID employees earn $60,000 annually on average, or $29 per hour.What has replaced DFID? ›
It's been replaced by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO).Where are the DFID offices around the world? ›
Alongside headquarters in London and East Kilbride, DFID has offices in New Delhi, Bangkok, Nairobi, Harare, Pretoria, Dhaka, Suva, Bridgetown and Kathmandu.What is the international organization membership of United Kingdom? ›
Nevertheless, the United Kingdom remains a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a founding member of the G7, G8, G20, NATO, AUKUS, OECD, WTO, Council of Europe, OSCE, and the Commonwealth of Nations, the latter being a legacy of the British Empire.