10 pros and cons of having a pet (2023)

Last updated on March 10, 2021 byFilip Poutinzew

If you have many ideal hours in your life, chances are you've thought about getting a pet at some point. Owning one can be a wonderful and truly beautiful experience with a worthy companion.

10 pros and cons of having a pet (1)

Pets are basically domesticated animals, kept for companionship or pleasure in most cases. The emotional benefits of owning one are truly immeasurable, but owning a pet is not an easy decision. A series of tasks are added, such as feeding them or taking care of their hygiene and health, which sometimes even entail certain expenses.

However, can owning a pet be rewarding or is it just a complicated way of life? We're going to go over some of the pros and cons of pet ownership and eventually help you decide whether or not to get a companion, but before that, here's a little background on how pet ownership began. a trend


  • A brief history of having a pet
  • Benefits of having a pet
    • 1. Unconditional love
    • 2. Increased security
    • 3. A way to relieve stress
    • 4. Health benefits
    • 5. Family and shelter for the new member
  • Disadvantages of having a pet
    • 1. Greater responsibility
    • 2. Cost
    • 3. Allergies
    • 4. Difficulty traveling
    • 5. Disrupted schedule (maybe)
  • Diploma

A brief history of having a pet

The archaeological record suggests that dogs are considered the earliest domesticated animals, dating back at least 12,000 years. The ancient Greeks and Romans incorporated dogs into various forms of art and also mourned their loss by using inscriptions to commemorate the tombstones.

(Video) The Pros And Cons Of Owning A Pet

In the 18th century, aristocrats began keeping dogs, and keeping pets was a sign of elitism in Britain. Pets flourished later in the 19th century when pet sitting became big business and people even stole other pets for ransom or sold them to someone else. Little by little, pets were defined as the property of their owners.

Hunters trained their dogs to retrieve game, and royal guards had dogs with them to protect the palace. Then people began to breed different dogs, and many countries even declared dogs their national animal.

However, cats were not as popular as they are today, mainly because of their proud nature. When dogs were everywhere, people started keeping other pets like rabbits, fish, hamsters, and parrots to differentiate themselves, and this list goes on with frogs, snakes, and alligators!

Currently, there are over a billion domesticated animals, of which dogs are the most popular. There are more than 470 million dogs, about 100 million more than cats. In the US alone, more than 85 million households have a pet.

Despite this large number of people who own a pet, before making the decision to have one, you should weigh these pros and cons.

Benefits of having a pet

Owning a pet can be a life-changing experience for most people. With that in mind, here are some of the benefits of owning a pet.

1. Unconditional love

Pets have their way of calming and reassuring us.no matter what pet you have, you will feel more love and happiness. You never know that seeing a fish swimming will make you happy until you have one!

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Pets like hamsters are so adorable that just seeing them will lift your spirits. A welcoming pat or a little dance from a dog or cat can turn dark days into good ones. And especially when you live alone, you can have someone who looks up to you no matter what.

2. Increased security

In the case of a dog, the most popular pet, bring an extra layer of security. Large barking dogs will scare off intruders and even risk their lives to protect you. Small dogs, while they can't scare people, can scare their owners.

There are many cases where pets such as dogs and cats have saved their families lives and if you are considering getting one, remember that your new family member may one day be a crucial element in your safety. .

3. A way to relieve stress

All pets have been shown to improve the mental health of many different people. Many dog ​​breeds are trained as therapy dogs to help people deal with stress, post-traumatic stress, and even depression.

It is generally assumed that people with pets develop better social skills. Pets can be your personal helpers, lifting your spirits and making you feel better after a stressful day at school or the office. Pet owners have also been shown to feel less lonely and anxious than non-pet owners.

4. Health benefits

In addition to reducing psychological stress, having a pet also has a positive effect on our physical condition. Studies show that people with pets are more physically active than people without pets. Children exposed to pets have stronger immune systems and their general enthusiasm is increased.

5. Family and shelter for the new member

When you decide to get a pet and adopt one, you are not only bringing a new member to the family, but also giving someone a home.

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Many homeless stray animals have fallen on hard times, and when they return home, they pay with their undying loyalty. Imagine someone who was starving now has a roof over them and good food, how amazing does that sound.

Disadvantages of having a pet

While there are many good reasons to own a pet, you really need to consider these downsides before making the decision to own a pet.

1. Greater responsibility

The day you decide to get a pet, your daily, weekly, or even yearly liability increases. Pets depend on you for almost everything.

You have to train them, give them injections from time to time without missing the deadline and clean up the mess they make. Everything your pet does should stay under your radar, and you are solely responsible for keeping their health and safety in check.

2. Cost

Another drawback to having a pet is, of course, the costs involved. Large pets, like cats and dogs, can sometimes cost a lot of money just to keep. Plush pets are on you (adopt, don't buy). Also, outdoor pets are more susceptible to infections and allergies and may require veterinary attention. It will cost you a lifetime of money to keep your pet healthy and happy.If you have money saved, you should be careful where you invest it.

3. Allergies

Almost any animal can cause an allergic reaction. Chemicals in hair, saliva, or dander can act as allergens and cause allergies in some people.

If your family is prone to allergies, having a furry friend is not the way to go and you should consider buying fish or turtles. Before deciding on a pet, talk to your doctor about possible allergic reactions.

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4. Difficulty traveling

Traveling with your pet is one of the hardest things you could wish for. If you decide to leave them at home, you must have someone to take care of them. And if you decide to take them with you, you never know how your pet will react to this new experience.

They may freak out as soon as they get in the car or when they get to a new place. You have to stop several times as if you were traveling with a diabetic patient. Pets like fish and turtles can be said to be relatively easier in this case, but they need to be fed, and dirty water can sometimes even make them sick.

5. Disrupted schedule (maybe)

Dogs have this strange tendency to bark with subtle jerky movements. At night, they inevitably disturb your sleep. Cats are naturally nocturnal and you will probably notice them moving a lot while they sleep.

Even during the day, sometimes your pet eats something he shouldn't and you may need to take your pet to the vet during office hours. Therefore, you must be prepared for the worst and do the most sensible thing at that time.


Whether you love dogs, cats, fish, or elephants, owning a pet is truly an amazing experience. But it's no walk in the park, as there are so many problems that come with owning a pet.

However, these complications have empowered people to be responsible and capable of caring for another person. Even couples can decide to get a pet to prepare for their first baby. Owning a pet is a big commitment and incredibly rewarding too.

If you think you can invest your time and get a great pet, go for it. But if you want to start a little slower, maybe you could catch a fish or a turtle and see how things work out for you. When it comes to getting a pet, don't rush.

(Video) Top Pros and cons of owning a dog at home | Tips of owning a dog


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What are the cons of owning a pet? ›

About the Disadvantages of Having Pets
  • Financial Commitment. Pet ownership is not cheap. ...
  • Time Commitment. Pets take time, even if it's a pet you won't socially engage with, such as a fish. ...
  • Pet Planning. Having a pet requires thinking ahead. ...
  • Social Consequences. ...
  • Saying Goodbye.
Sep 26, 2017

What are the pros of owning a pet? ›

There are many health benefits of owning a pet. They can increase opportunities to exercise, get outside, and socialize. Regular walking or playing with pets can decrease blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels. Pets can help manage loneliness and depression by giving us companionship.

Is life better with a pet? ›

In fact, results from a survey by the Human Animal Bond Research Institute indicates that 74 percent of pet owners report improved mental health. Many report less stress, increased social interactions, less depression and reduced anxiety.

What is a cat vs dog pros and cons? ›

In general, cats are tidier, easier to care for, cost less (usually!) and are more independent, while dogs are more expensive and demand more time and attention, as well as sometimes being more affectionate.

Are pets helpful or harmful? ›

Pets give you unconditional love and are always faithful. Stressed out? Pets are known to reduce stress and anxiety levels. Experts say that people can get relieve from stress and depression, if they spend time with their pets.

What are 5 benefits of owning a dog? ›

“Higher survival rates, fewer heart attacks, less loneliness, better blood pressure, better psychological well-being, lower rates of depression and stress levels, fewer doctor visits, increased self esteem, better sleep and more physical activity,” are just some of the recorded benefits of pet ownership, Herzog said.

Are you happier with a pet? ›

In the United States, pet owners had an average happiness score of 70.7, and they were 87.3 percent happier than the average person.

Do I really need a pet? ›

Having a critter companion can be good for your health, too. Studies have shown being around an animal can ease depression, lower blood pressure and stress, and keep you active. Heart attack patients who have a dog can live longer than those who don't.

Is pet good for mental health? ›

Evidence suggests that attachment to pets is good for human health and even helps build a better community. It's no secret that pets can contribute to your happiness. Studies show that dogs reduce stress, anxiety and depression; ease loneliness; encourage exercise and improve your overall health.

Is getting a pet worth it? ›

While owning a pet can cost you money, the companionship and potential health benefits of pet ownership could help you save over time. If you can afford the upfront and ongoing costs of owning a pet, it can be well worth it in the long run.

What are the disadvantages of cats? ›

Cats are also more independent than dogs and don't require as much attention, such as the need to be taken out for daily walks.
  • A little harder to train to obey commands.
  • Can be a bit aloof.
  • Tend to enjoy scratching furniture.
  • Can give some people allergies.
  • Don't cope well with travelling or moving house.
Sep 27, 2013

Why you should get a cat or dog? ›

We're a nation of pet lovers, and rightly so! Cats and dogs offer unconditional love, affection and friendship, as well as a host of therapeutic benefits, such as improved general health and wellbeing - after all, who doesn't like a cuddle from a furry friend at the end of a long day?

What benefits do cats have? ›

Cats improve your physical health – some of the many health benefits of owning a cat include boosting your immune system, reducing the chance of heart attack, and preventing some young children from developing asthma and allergies.

What are the cons of giving your dog? ›

Dog Constipation Home Remedies
  • Pumpkin puree. ...
  • Canned dog food. ...
  • Dietary fiber supplements will increase fiber in their bodies, which will help soften their stool and regulate their bowel movements. ...
  • Access to fresh water makes sure they are well-hydrated. ...
  • Exercise.
Jan 23, 2023

Why do people want pets? ›

They help us gain a sense of responsibility, show us unconditional love, and are always there when we need them. Dogs are more high maintenance but bring many different health benefits, whereas cats, rabbits and gerbils are easy to look after, need little exercise and give our lives new meaning and purpose.

Why should every kid have a pet? ›

Developing positive feelings about pets can contribute to a child's self-esteem and self-confidence. Positive relationships with pets can aid in the development of trusting relationships with others. A good relationship with a pet can also help in developing non-verbal communication, compassion, and empathy.

What is it like to live with a pet? ›

Pets not only make our lives richer, they also help us to live longer. As much as we take care of them, they find ways to take care of us, too. Studies confirm that our animal companions help us in many ways, from boosting immunity to reducing stress. They can even sniff out illnesses using just their sense of smell.

How does a dog change your life? ›

Spending time with your pet can be relaxing, encouraging the release of endorphins, which are brain chemicals that help us de-stress and feel good. And petting a beloved animal can even help lower your blood pressure.

Why do dogs lick you? ›

Licking is a natural and instinctive behaviour to dogs. For them it's a way of grooming, bonding, and expressing themselves. Your dog may lick you to say they love you, to get your attention, to help soothe themselves if they're stressed, to show empathy or because you taste good to them!

What are the benefits of animals to humans? ›

Interacting with animals has been shown to decrease levels of cortisol (a stress-related hormone) and lower blood pressure. Other studies have found that animals can reduce loneliness, increase feelings of social support, and boost your mood.

Do dogs make you happier? ›

Pets, especially dogs and cats, can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression, ease loneliness, encourage exercise and playfulness, and even improve your cardiovascular health. Caring for an animal can help children grow up more secure and active. Pets also provide valuable companionship for older adults.

What are the joys of being a dog owner? ›

10 Benefits of Being a Dog Owner: Backed by Science
  • Dog owners have increased heart health. ...
  • Dogs help your immune system fend off sickness. ...
  • Dogs can make us resistant to allergies. ...
  • Being a dog owner increases your happiness. ...
  • Dogs can help you lose weight. ...
  • Dogs can detect diseases such as cancer, and potentially save lives.

What pet makes you happiest? ›

Paul Zak, an economist at Claremont Graduate University in California, has found in his research that dogs get a 57.2 percent oxytocin boost when they interact with their owners. Cats get a 12 percent boost. In other words, your dog truly adores you. Your cat accepts your presence.

Do pets make you less lonely? ›

A nationally representative survey of pet owners and non-pet owners commissioned by HABRI and Mars Petcare found that: 85% of respondents agree interaction that pets can help reduce loneliness. 76% agree human-pet interactions can help address social isolation.

Do pets get your personality? ›

Researchers at Michigan State University have discovered that dogs often take on the same personality traits as their owner. The study revealed that dogs are like humans in that they have personalities that are shaped over time.

Should I get a pet if I live alone? ›

While it's great to have your own space and have so much time for yourself, it can also be lonely. Adopting a dog is a great way to get over your fear of living alone or to add companionship to your daily life! Some dog breeds lend themselves better to single living while others are better suited for families.

What pet is good for depression? ›

Cats have been known to help with loneliness, anxiety, depression, and more, just like dogs. If you're looking for a pet that requires a little less attention, a cat might be your best bet. They still make for great companions, but they're also okay with being alone for a while.

When should you not get a pet? ›

In families that do not have pets, parents' top reasons rated as very important not to have a pet include: hassle of owning a pet (62%), family member with pet allergies (55%), cost of owning a pet (48%), that their child would not be responsible (43%), and having a pet would not be safe for their child (39%).

What is the best name for a pet? ›

That said, many are neutral.
  • 50 popular girl puppy names: Luna. Bella. Daisy. Lucy. Bailey. Coco. Lola. Nala. Sadie. Stella. Penny. Molly. Maggie. Rosie. Zoey. Ruby. Lily. Nova. Ellie. Chloe. Pepper. ...
  • 50 popular boy puppy names: Charlie. Max. Milo. Cooper. Rocky. Buddy. Bear. Teddy. Harley. Duke. Zeus. Blue. Jack. Loki. Leo. Oliver. Tucker. Koda. Toby. Bentley.
Dec 18, 2020

How do pets relieve stress? ›

Reduce stress.

Research has shown that simply petting a dog lowers the stress hormone cortisol , while the social interaction between people and their dogs actually increases levels of the feel-good hormone oxytocin (the same hormone that bonds mothers to babies).

Why Are pets good for anxiety? ›

The companionship of a pet can help to ease your anxiety. boosting self-confidence. Pets can be great listeners, offer unconditional love and won't criticise you. This can help your self-confidence, especially if you feel isolated or misunderstood.

Is owning a pet attractive? ›

The study found that 35 percent of women and 36 percent of men were more attracted to someone because they had a pet, 64 percent of women and 49 percent of men were more attracted to someone who adopted a rescue animal, and 75 percent of women and 54 percent of men said they would not date someone who didn't like pets.

Is having a pet easy? ›

Getting a pet is no easy decision. Emotional perks are undeniable, yet pets require time, understanding, and training. Particularly if you have kids, it can be difficult to gauge when you are ready for a pet.

Is it hard to take care of a pet? ›

Pets are fun to spend time with, but taking care of them is also hard work. Pets need care and attention to keep them healthy, happy, and safe. They need healthy food; clean, fresh water; and a comfortable place to sleep. Most pets also require regular exercise to stay fit.

Should you get a cat or not? ›

Do you have the bandwidth to add another element to your household? If you've got a regular job and only travel occasionally, then a cat is a good option. If you're single, live alone, and make frequent out of town trips and are gone for long periods of time…then not so much.

Will cats scratch my couch? ›

They scratch to mark territory or as a threatening signal other cats. And because cats' claws need regular sharpening, cats scratch on things to remove frayed, worn outer claws and expose new, sharper claws. All this scratching can cause a lot of damage to furniture, drapes and carpeting!

Is it hard owning a cat? ›

As pets go, cats are relatively low maintenance compared to dogs which need companionship, walking, training etc. However, like any pet, they do need care, and some cats need more care than others. Do you want to spend a lot of time with your cat, do you want it to be demanding, or do you have limited time?

Are cats good for mental health? ›

Because of a cat's ability to calm us, lower our stress levels, and offer companionship, they are great therapy animals for a wide variety of uses and patients. While a cat isn't a substitution for medication or therapy, there's no denying the subtle positive effect on mental health.

Do cats help with anxiety? ›

Lower Stress and Anxiety

Petting or playing with your cat can release all the right chemicals in the brain. There is also evidence that a cat's purr can help lower blood pressure and relax the nervous system. They also help relieve stress and provide anti-anxiety benefits for their owners.

Does owning a cat make you happier? ›

In one study, people with cats reported experiencing fewer negative emotions and feelings of seclusion than people without cats. In fact, singles with cats were in a bad mood less often than people with a cat and a partner. (Your cat is never late for dinner, after all.)

Do cats help with ADHD? ›

A: The short answer is yes! Adults and children affected by ADHD can greatly benefit from pet ownership, helping to develop their social skills, independence, and overall happiness. Having a dog, cat or other companion animal can help you, or your child, learn how to schedule, manage time, and plan ahead.

What is the hardest thing about being a pet owner? ›

9 Difficult Things About Owning A Dog No One Ever Tells You About
  • They Will Tire You Out. ...
  • Wading Through All The Advice Can Be Stressful. ...
  • They Can Test Your Patience. ...
  • Figuring Out What To Feed Them Can Be Tricky. ...
  • Vet Bills Can Add Up Quickly. ...
  • You Have To Learn Your Dog's Language. ...
  • You Have To Go Home Early.
Sep 20, 2018

Why should animals not be pets? ›

Wild animals can carry diseases dangerous or fatal to humans. Diseases include rabies, distemper, herpes viruses, salmonella, polio, tuberculosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and bubonic plague. Wild animals also harbor parasites, such as intestinal worms and protozoa.

What are the cons of owning a cat? ›

The Drawbacks of Owning a Cat
  • They Shed a Lot. ...
  • Their Litter Boxes Smell and Require Cleaning. ...
  • They May Claw Your Furniture to Shreds. ...
  • They May Deter Some People From Visiting Your Home. ...
  • Their Veterinary Bills Can Be Very Expensive. ...
  • They Are Natural-Born Killers. ...
  • They Are Strong-Willed and Rarely Obey Commands.
Oct 17, 2022

Why shouldn't every home have a pet? ›

In families that do not have pets, parents' top reasons rated as very important not to have a pet include: hassle of owning a pet (62%), family member with pet allergies (55%), cost of owning a pet (48%), that their child would not be responsible (43%), and having a pet would not be safe for their child (39%).

What are the problems faced by pets? ›

A majority of pets in some countries are significantly overweight. Pet cats allowed to go outdoors face many hazards to which the animals otherwise would not be exposed. Among the threats are predators, disease, moving vehicles, parasites and poison.

What is the biggest problem with animals? ›

Habitat loss—due to destruction, fragmentation, or degradation of habitat—is the primary threat to the survival of wildlife in the United States. Climate change is quickly becoming the biggest threat to the long-term survival of America's wildlife.

Is having a pet stressful? ›

Interacting with animals has been shown to decrease levels of cortisol (a stress-related hormone) and lower blood pressure. Other studies have found that animals can reduce loneliness, increase feelings of social support, and boost your mood.

Are pet owners happier? ›

In the United States, pet owners had an average happiness score of 70.7, and they were 87.3 percent happier than the average person.

Is it wrong to have pets? ›

As long as the pet is happy and lives a life of love without undue suffering, for most people, animal rights and welfare activists alike, pets are definitely fine to have!

Do animals like being pets? ›

Social beasts—humans, elephants, chimps, dogs, and cats—seem to enjoy being caressed. Neurobiologists have now taken a step toward pinpointing neural circuitry underlying this pleasant sensation.

What animals are not good pets? ›

10 Worst Animals to Keep as Pets
  • 01 of 10. Primates. Frans Lanting/Mint Images/Getty Images. ...
  • 02 of 10. Big Cats. Saibal/Getty Images. ...
  • 03 of 10. Venomous Snakes. CHANDRANUJ/Wikimedia Commons. ...
  • 04 of 10. Bears. W. ...
  • 05 of 10. Coatis. Jessica Peterson/Getty Images. ...
  • 06 of 10. Bats. ...
  • 07 of 10. Wolves and Coyotes. ...
  • 08 of 10. Kinkajous.
Dec 16, 2019

Why do cats lick you? ›

Your cat is expressing her affection for you.

Your cat's licking may be an affiliative behavior, which is a friendly, altruistic behavior. Mothers groom their kittens, and cats may groom one another, which is called allogrooming.

What I wish I knew before getting a kitten? ›

What to know when buying a kitten
  • Make sure now is the right time to get a new pet. ...
  • Be sure a kitten is the right pet for you. ...
  • When was the kitten born? ...
  • Is the kitten with its mother and siblings? ...
  • Where was the kitten born? ...
  • Does the kitten appear healthy, happy and approachable?


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